Homans, George C.

(1910-89)
An American social theorist, probably best known for his argument that theory should be based on a series of propositions about individual behaviour, which were to be derived from ‘covering laws’. For Homasn, the most general covering laws are found in behavioural psychology. In Social Behaviour: Its Elementary Forms (1964), Homans puts forward a set of propositions which form the basis of his exchange theory, which states that individual assessments of costs and benefits are the basis of such social phenomena as competition and cooperation, authority, and conformity. Exchange theory, with individuals rather than groups, institutions, or societies as its starting-point, and with its ultimate grounding in behavioural psychology, attracted considerable criticism from the start. However, several later theories, including rational-choice theory, have been strongly influenced by it. Besides his contributions to social theory, Homans maintained a lifelong interest in the study of small groups, industrial sociology, and historical sociology. He was President of the American Sociological Association in 1964. His other major publications include English Villagers of the Thirteenth Century (1941), The Human Group (1950), Sentiments and Activities (1962), Certainties and Doubts(1987), and his autobiography, Coming to my Senses (1984). See also behaviourism ; cause ; Success Proposition.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • George C. Homans — (born in Boston, Massachusetts, August 11, 1910 died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 29, 1989) was the American founder of behavioral sociology and the exchange theory.Outside the academic discipline of sociology, Homans is perhaps best known… …   Wikipedia

  • George Caspar Homans — George Caspar Homans, (* 11. August 1910 Boston, Massachusetts, USA; † 29. Mai 1989 Cambridge (Massachusetts)) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er begründete in den Vereinigten Staaten eine streng deduktiv arbeitende Theorie des sozialen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George C. Homans — George Homans George Caspar Homans (1910 1999) est un sociologue américain, professeur à l université Harvard. Il a travaillé sur les rapports sociaux dans des petits groupes et a développé la théorie de l échange. Publications English Villagers… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Homans — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Homans. George Caspar Homans (né à Boston le 11 août 1910 décédé le 29 mai 1989) est un sociologue américain, professeur à l université Harvard. Il a travaillé sur les rapports sociaux dans des petits groupes et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George C. Homans — George Caspar Homans, (* 11. August 1910 Boston, Massachusetts, USA; † 29. Mai 1989 Cambridge (Massachusetts)) war ein US amerikanischer Soziologe. Er begründete in den Vereinigten Staaten eine streng deduktiv arbeitende Theorie des sozialen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Homans — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: George C. Homans (1910–1989), US amerikanischer Soziologe Helen Homans (1878–1949), US amerikanische Tennisspielerin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Fawcett — Fawcett en 1909 Données clés Naissance 25 août …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Homans — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. George Homans, un sociologue américain (1910 1989). Helen Homans, une joueuse américaine de tennis (1878 ou 1879 1949) . Robert Edward Homans, un acteur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Washington — ] Washington has been consistently ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.Early lifeGeorge Washington was born on OldStyleDateDY|February 22|1732|February 11, 1731 the first son of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary …   Wikipedia

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